Lakshmi Chand Jain (born 1925) is an Indian economist, most known as a Gandhian activist and a freedom fighter. He has also remained member of the Planning Commission, Indian High commissioner to South Africa and one of the commissioner on the World Bank-backed, World Commission on Dams (WCD). He played an important in the foundation of Indian Cooperative Union as well as All-India Handicrafts Board and remained secretary of both. As part of the ICU, he helped set up the Central Cottage Industries Emporium and Super Bazaar cooperative stores.
He was awarded the 1989 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service.
As a young graduate at the time of independence from Britain he took part in the Quit India movement and around partition of India, he worked to organize relief for destitute refugees created by the partition. He was put in charge of the refugee camp at Kingsway Camp in North Delhi. After independence, he helped introduce cooperative societies for farming and cottage industries into rehabilitation camps, instilling self-reliance and hope. As a volunteer organiser with the Indian Cooperative Union (ICU) he joined the rehabilitation project in Faridabad, 20 km from Delhi of refugees from Pakistan.
Jain later helped Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay organize the Indian Cooperative Union and applied its principles to the handicrafts industry. As secretary of the All-India Handicrafts Board, he fostered decentralized production and directed training, technical services, and loans to India's struggling self-employed spinners, weavers, carpenters, and metalsmiths. He applied modern marketing techniques to promote handicrafts sales abroad and organized the Central Cottage Industries Emporium to expand the market at home. He championed artisans against mechanization and mass production, helping millions of independent craftsmen carry on traditional livelihoods in security and pride and assured the survival of precious arts and skills.
Jain became an expert on development, applying unique organizational skills to wed theory to practice. In 1966 he led the establishment of a chain of consumer cooperative stores where those living in cities could buy food, clothing, and tools at a fair price. In 1968 he co-founded a service-oriented consulting firm. By seeking the advice of farmers and workers, Jain and his like-minded colleagues helped government, industry, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) design modernization projects that were relevant and effective.
Jain worked with and on a number of development agencies as well as government committees and boards, such as the United Nations' World Dam Commission
Jain's wife is the economist Devaki Jain; the couple have two sons and now settled in Bangalore. In 1989, Jain received the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service, for "his informed and selfless commitment to attack India's poverty at the grass-roots level".
• "Development of Decentralized Industries in India—Progress and Perspectives." Gandhi Marg. 2, no. 6 (September 1980): 307-29.
• "Obituary: Kamaladevi." Economic and Political Weekly, 26 November 1988, 2520-21.
• "Poverty, Environment, Development: A View from Gandhi's Window." Economic and Political Weekly, 13 February 1988, 311-20.
• Power to the People: Decentralization Is a Necessity. Policy Issue no.1. Hyderabad: Academy of Gandhian Studies, 1980.
• "A tale of Two Programmes: The Mahatma's and Mrs. Gandhi's." Times of India, 26 November 1983.
• (with B. V. Krishnamurthy and P. M. Tripathi) Grass without Roots: Rural Development under Government Auspices. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1985.
• Naiptya Natak, Lakshmi Chand Jain (Hindi), biography
• Arati B. "A Crusader for Job Protection." Hindustan Times, 2 August 1989.
• Chattopadhyay, Kamaladevi. The Glory of Indian Handicrafts. New Delhi: Clavion Books, 1985.
• Indian Cooperative Union. Community Development: A Pilot Project under Non-Official Auspices. New Delhi: Indian Cooperative Union, 1961. Reprinted 1979.
• Indian Cooperative Union. Cooperative Law in India A Disquisition. New Delhi: Indian Cooperative Union, 1964.
• Industrial Development Services: A Profile. New Delhi: Industrial Development Services Private Ltd., 1986.
• Interview by James R. Rush. Tape Recording, 2 September 1989. Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation, Manila.
• 'Gandhi Works, Always' (Interview with Shri Lakshmi Chand Jain)
Popular Jains This Week
Dharma Adhikari Veerendra Heggade born November 25, 1948 is a philanthropist and the hereditary administrator (Dharmadhikari) of the Dharma...
Richa Jain is from a family of Kathak dancers. She started learning dance from the tender age of 3 from her parents. Later she learnt dance ...
By VP Another unsung hero in Mumbai In 2004, when Police Inspector Deepak Dhole picked up basic fire-fighting skills during his year-lon...
Kiran Shah :: born in Nairobi, Kenya in 1956. He lived in Kenya until he was twelve years old when his family decided to move to India. It w...
Jainendra Kumar (January 2, 1905-December 24, 1988) Jainendra Kumar was an influential Hindi writer of 20th century. He explored the huma...
Kalyanji Anandji is a name used by Indian composer duo known for its work on Bollywood film soundtracks, particularly action potboilers in ...
"If you examined his blood, you would find nothing but magic in it." the late Raj Kapoor a true visionary once said about K.Lal. ...
Shantinath Desai (1929 - 1998) was one of India's most prominent modern writers and was a part of the important Navya movement, the inf...
Year Name Stream State 1992 Dr.V. Shantaram Arts Maharashtra 1973 Dr. Daulat Singh Kothari Science & Engineering Delhi 1972 Dr. Jivr...
Vir Sanghvi (born 5 July 1956) is an Indian print and television journalist, columnists and talk show host. Currently, he is Editorial Dire...